Wolverine

Shape features

Is the largest extant Mustelidae terrestrial animals, Wolverine in physical appearance between mink and bears little body, with headband tail length of 80 to 100 cm. Weighing 8-14 kg. Stout body and limbs like a bear, but there is a long tail is like mink, tail length of about 18 cm; hair is brown, hip circumference along the back side of the body with a pale yellow semi-circular broadband lines, the shape of “crescent”, so There are “Moon Bear” said; tail hair dark brown, thick and fluffy, was drooping cluster spike; small head and big ears, back bent, short limbs, health, plantar feasibility, claws long and straight, not scale. With the different subspecies, the greater the closer the general shape distribution in the north, close to the southern part of the distribution area smaller body. Wolverine males than females, many large.

Coat color change with the seasons, a year off for twice, in October and put the winter hair darker, April-May put on summer hair color is lighter, both summer and winter hair or wool, both with its habitat consistent environment to form a better protective coloring.

Distribution

To ring in the Arctic-type animals, including two subspecies. Vast areas in the Northern Hemisphere, including the Arctic, Alaska, northern Canada, Siberia, Scandinavia, they also appeared in Russia and the Baltic countries. In the past, Wolverine has also appeared in the southern region, such as the US states of California and other places.

Found only in the northeast of the northern Da Hinggan Mountains, Altai, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and northern forest region. Its distribution range is now protected area of ​​the River Uruguay (Heilongjiang).

Environment

Wolverine is a typical habitat for the animals in sub-boreal coniferous forest and grassland areas of permafrost, frozen soil from the mountainous area to the bare rock summit, the trail has its favorite habitat is a deciduous grasses of a birch forest, followed by drilling days Young – Sweet Young a riparian forest, and sometimes also a Birch grasses and broadleaf forest slash shrubs, rhododendrons and azaleas in a larch forest or a Scotch Pine forests, etc., and more generally in winter mountainside at an altitude of 600 meters or less foothills forest edge, especially like the Everglades, as well as the birthplace of the valley streams, etc. activities in the forest, especially the edge of the forest. In the forest of northern, Wolverine mainly found in deciduous pine forests. In the non-breeding season no fixed nest, perched on the chimney or other animals abandoned cave.

The average distance of winter activity day and night 14.3km; male maximum field up 686.5 km2, female smallest areas 138.8 km2, the average field area of ​​200-500 km2.

Habits

Wolverine particularly greedy, so it’s Latin name of the original intent is the “greedy.” Including reindeer, red deer a class of large herbivores in the females and cubs, and sometimes catch foxes, feral cats a class of Carnivore for food. Even lynx should make three points. Is a small carnivorous animals, the most aggressive kind. It is good at long-distance running, but also good at climbing, sometimes also used by the branches suddenly flew down to hunt down the way, plus it’s minions sharp, strength is also large, the prey is difficult to escape.

In Siberia and North America, Wolverine often steal human food, theft or destruction of people’s artifacts. Hunters catch sleeve is installed, it is often destroyed. Animals such as fur jacket with silver fox, sable and the like, it is also eaten or bitten worthless. It can destroy the device and never catch sets Nothing sets can be quite cunning animal. Wolverine long, thick fur, insulation and durability are strong, suitable for the production of clothing. Nocturnal and very cunning, it is extremely difficult to capture.

Wolverine for boreal animals, except for the breeding season, more individual events, a wide range of activities, streams, valleys, forest and bare rock above the permafrost has its footprints. No fixed nest, cave more than a two exits, easy distress escape. When breeding nests in hollow trees, cliff, crevice, or other small animals occupy nests. Is a nocturnal animal. Wolverine naturally alert, covert action, good swim, climb, jump channeling freely in the jungle, it is also named as “flying bear.” Almost no natural enemies in nature, there are well-developed scent glands near the anus, with some defense, the use of urine to preserve food is one way to adapt to their unique environment. Miscellaneous food wins, including ungulates, rodents, birds and forest berries. Half hibernation habits.

Wolverine is very keen vision, but lose some sense of smell.

Snow leopard,Onuca

Shape features

Snow Leopard due to year-round living near the snow line is named, also known as grass leopard, leopard leaves. Small, round head, long thick tail, slightly shorter or equal to body length, tail hair long and soft. Body length 110 ~ 130cm; tail length 80 ~ 90cm, weighing 38 ~ 75kg. Gray body, covered with dark spots. Spots small, dense head, back, side of the body and limbs, irregular outer edge of the black ring, the black ring after the larger body to the back and side of the body, there are several black specks of black rings, the outer edge of the black limbs ring white, no black spots, starting from the back of the shoulder, dark spots forming three lines until the root of the tail, rear black rims wide and large, to the end of the most obvious tip of the tail black. Ear gray, black edges. Nose flesh-colored or dark brown, the color black and white beard, under the neck, lower chest, abdomen, inner side of the limbs and tail are white, and the plains leopard is different is that it is relatively developed forefoot, because it is a cliff animal nature, forelimb Mainly used for climbing. Winter hair density and hair color is not very different. Snow Leopard whole body with long white hair soft thick and dense, irregular distribution of many top black circle, shape like a tiger tail even longer than the body. It lives above the snow line, known as the world’s most beautiful cats. Dons, often at night. Therefore, according to the experts can only roughly approximate each snow leopard habitat range and scope of territory, figure out the world there are about 3500 ~ 7000 wild snow leopards. Central Asian plateau endemic species, level of protection of animals at the international IUCN protection level is listed as “Endangered” (EN), and the giant panda as precious. According to previous media reports, the snow leopard in China is mainly distributed in Tibet and Xinjiang.

In addition, the snow leopard in captivity around the zoo total 600 ~ 700.

Distribution

Snow Leopard is a specialty of the Central Asian plateau, located in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan and other Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union, Mongolia, Afghanistan, northern India, Nepal, Pakistan, Kashmir and other places, and China’s Tibet Sichuan, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and other provinces in the mountain regions, such as the Himalayas, the Hoh Xil mountain, Tianshan, Pamir, Kunlun, Tanggula Mountains, Altai, Altun, Qilian mountain, Yin, Urals and so on. Most of these places is no area of ​​human habitation, the only alpine cushion vegetation grows very little.

Habits

Lair: usually solitary, just before the pair lived in before estrus, generally have a fixed nest cave in the rocks, rocks recess rock crevice or under bushes, mostly sunny, the often several years did not leave a nest, often have a lot of body hair shedding snow leopard fossa. Also on a shrub or as a temporary resting place Shiyan patrol when hunting. Coat color and pattern due to special coordination with the surrounding environment, form a good hidden color, it is difficult to find.

Activity: nocturnal, every morning and evening for prey, peak activity. Solitary, nocturnal, twilight active.

Activities route: snow leopard hunting out very far, often by a certain route detour to an area, you need to backtrack along many days, nocturnal, rarely come out during the day, or lying in the sun on bare rock mountains, at dusk or dawn When the most active, there is a certain route down the mountain, like walking ridges and valleys.

Activities Features: Snow Leopard keen senses, sexual alert, agile, good climbing, jumping. Because of its thick tail do grasp the direction of “rudder”, it can turn in the air at the time of leaps, and therefore its ability to prey strong. Ferocious temperament, but in the wild is generally not attack people. Snow Leopard because the body was with thick hair, so it is resistant to cold, even though the temperature at minus 20 degrees, but also activities in the field. Sounds similar to the cries of wailing, unlike lions, tigers roared like.

Predator: the feline unique style ambush hunting, supplemented by short-range quick kill. Predation goat, blue sheep, impala, deer, and eat ground squirrels, rabbits and other small animals or marmots eat. Yaks sometimes attack, bite drained team calves. There are relatively fixed place of residence, nursery more use of natural caves. Dusk, blue sheep began to leave the rock to grass feeding, Snow Leopard with rock flock activities, often with surprise attack prey blue sheep, biting its throat to make it die. Snow Leopard brave exceptions, good jump on the rock. They hide in the body curled up between the rocks, when passing prey, they suddenly jump up and attack. Winter laid hold food, they ran low mountain stealing human livestock and poultry.

Sika Deer

Population status

Capture the history of excessive hunting, wild very few, is now artificial breeding population has reached hundreds of thousands.

Shape features

Medium-sized deer, 125-145 cm in body length, tail length 12-13 cm, weight 70-100 kg. Head slightly rounded, long facial, nose exposed, large round eyes, infraorbital gland was crack-like, tear nest obvious long and erect ears. Long neck. Slender limbs, the main hoof narrow and pointed, the small side of the hoof. Shorter tail.

Hair: hair color change as the seasons change, summer hair brown or chestnut red, lint-free, at the spine on both sides and there are many side edge inlaid with white spots arranged in order, the shape of plum, hence the name. Winter hair was brown smoke, white is not obvious, and the color is similar to dry grass. Grayish brown neck and behind the ears, a black dorsal midline from Apex to penetrate the base of the tail, white belly, buttocks, white patches, surrounded by a black terry. The back of the tail is black, belly is white.

Angle: hornless females, male beast’s head with a pair of majestic solid angle, a total of four branches of a tree, and the branches of a tree trunk into an eyebrow on obtuse angle, near the base of projecting forward, and eyebrow pitchfork pitchfork times closer than Large, high position, is often mistaken for no times pitchfork, trunk again at its end into two sprigs. Generally trunk bent to the sides, slightly curved half, eyebrow fork forward at the top Hengbao, slightly sharp bend in the corner, very sharp.

Distribution

Sika is a specialty of the east Asian species, found in the eastern part of Russia abroad, Japan and Korea, widely distributed throughout China in the past, but now the only remaining in Jilin, central Inner Mongolia, southern Anhui, northern Jiangxi, western Zhejiang, Sichuan, Guangxi, a limited number of a region. Taiwan also has a unique subspecies distribution.

Environment

Deer living in the forest edges and mountain grassland areas.

Habits

Deer twilight activity, living area changes with the seasons change, mostly in semi-shady spring, feed oak, chestnut, lespedeza, wild hawthorn, Burnet and other tender foliage of trees and shrubs and herbs just germination. Summer and autumn moved to shady forest edge areas, the main feed vines and herbs, such as kudzu, fleece-flower root, smyrnioides, strawberries, etc., like winter in the warm sunny, feed ripe fruit, seeds and a variety of moss lichens, sometimes to the foot feed rapeseed, wheat and other crops, but also often to lick Saline Saline.

During the day in the sunny hillside choose thatched deep secret, similar to the body color of the local habitat, the habitat in the middle of the night or in the upper part of the slope, aspect and downs, but still sunny hillside as much, resting places are relatively low thatched Dwarf scarce.

Temperament alert, agile, hearing, smell are very developed, visual weaker, timid and easily frightened. Because slender limbs, hoof narrow tip, and therefore run quickly, jumping ability is very strong, especially good at climbing steep slopes, that continuous long-span jumps, speed of light and agile.

Golden Snub-nosed Monkey

Shape features

Medium size monkeys. Yang nose up, face blue, no cheek pouches. Reddish brown cheeks and sides of neck, shoulder and back with a long-haired, golden color, such as the tail and body length or longer. The average adult male body length of 680mm, tail length 685mm.

Distribution

Distributed in Sichuan, Gansu, Shaanxi and Hubei. Mainly distributed in Sichuan Minshan, Qionglai mountains, Snowy and small Liangshan, including Nanping, Songpan, Blackwater, Ping Wu, Green River, North River, Maowen, Wenchuan, Lixian County, Mianzhu, Dayi, Shifang, Dujiangyan City, Peng County, Sung Hing, Vincent, Lushan, Baoxing, Luding, Kangding and Mabian County and other parts of 22 forest. Mainly in Wenxian County, Gansu Zhouqu and Wudu County and parts of the forest belonged to the Min Shan mountain QIONGLAI extending north mountain. Shaanxi distributed in south slope, including some forest Foping, Yangxian, weeks, Bai, Ningshan counties. Shennongjia, Hubei mainly in mountainous areas, including parts of three counties forest Housing County, Xingshan and Badong, is Daba East.

Habits

Golden Monkey is a typical forest arboreal animals, perennial habitat at an altitude of 1500-3300m the forest. Its vegetation type and vertical distribution with subtropical montane evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved forest, four vegetation types subtropical evergreen deciduous forests and coniferous forests and secondary nature of mixed forest, etc., as the seasons change They do not migrate to the horizontal direction, and only move vertically in habitat habitats. Rookeries life, each large cluster is based on a small cluster of familial activity units. Each small family cluster also composed by adult males is a strong leader and 3-5 females monkey monkeys and 3 years of age and lactating monkeys monkey Aberdeen. Monkey’s diet is very complex, but are plant-based foods. The main food plants and 118 species. They mainly feed spring buds, buds, buds and Litsea, false azalea petals Prunus, rowan, oak, maple, holly, wild cherry, mulberry and other plants in Wolong, and occasionally there are a few male Body Shimoji eat wild angelica and alfalfa seedlings Cardamine. The main summer feeding birch, false Prunus, purple Wei Mao, wild cherry, rowan, chestnut, mulberry, mulberry, holly, hawthorn, mountain grapes. Fall in various Sorbus, crabapple, hawthorn, kiwi, and other fruits and Calligonum pine, chestnut, oak and other alpine seeds, sometimes come down to earth to seek admission. Winter is mainly a variety of bark, Tengpi and residual inflorescence, fruit sequence, the trunk Usnea, moss and other grazing in the forest. Female sexual maturity earlier than males, females about 4-5 years old, male monkeys late around 7 years old. Mate throughout the year, but 8-10 months for peak mating, pregnancy six months or so, more than the March-April calving, individual also in February or May calving. Adult monkeys, the male and female sex ratio of about 1: 2. Predators have jackals, wolves, eagles and golden cat and leopard, eagle, eagle, etc.

Yunnan sunb-nose monkey

Shape features

Although they are called “monkey”, when there was no golden hair. The body is slightly larger than the Sichuan golden monkey, length 740-830mm, a relatively short tail, roughly equal length, about 510-720mm, but more bulky. The back of the body, side, outside of the limbs, hands, feet, and tail are gray and black. In the back and has a sparse gray hair. Lateral neck, belly, buttocks and limbs inside are white.

Distribution

Lancang and Jinsha distributed between both sides yunling mountain peak mountain ravine zone, an area of ​​approximately 20,000km2, extending north up the quiet mountain in Tibet, including Deqin County, Weixi County, Lijiang, Jianchuan County, Lanping, Yunlong County and other counties, as well as Tibet Mangkang County.

Habits

Habitat in the altitude of 3,300-4,100m mountain dark coniferous forest. Is found in the residence’s highest primate. Yunnan golden monkey monkeys little more for 20-60 only, have not yet found a crowd of more than 150. For more polygynous a mixed population, there are acts of social hierarchy. No significant seasonal vertical migration phenomenon. The size and scope of activities are different monkeys, about 20-133.4 km2, with an average density of only 1.12-2.5 / km2. Staple conifers wintering buds and leaves and buds bud, Usnea also eat twigs and buds and leaves of birch, from May to July also eat bamboo shoots and tender bamboo leaves. In mid-November, monkeys observed in almost all adult female monkeys have pups and size are relatively tidy, according to its form, it is estimated mostly born in July-August. Because of their high altitude habitat Bichuanjinsi monkey, so late as February-March calving.

Population status

Kunming Institute of Zoology, according to the survey reported (Li Zhixiang et al., 1979; MA Shi et al., 1984-1985; Yang Dehua, etc., 1981; Baishou Chang, 1988; Wang Ying Xiang et al., 1985-1988), Yunnan golden monkey only found in northwest Yunnan , north of Tibet Mangkang south Yunlong a narrow mountain valley areas, the number of small monkeys, generally only 20-60 only a few more than 100 large, estimated total population of 1,000 in Yunnan insurmountable (Baishou Chang , 1988); only about 1,000 Tibetan Mangkang (Yin Ping Gao, Wulin Liu, 1993).